Capturing group difference in Basic Regular Expressions (BRE) and Extended Regular Expressions (ERE)
One of the very confusion issue related to most GNU/Linux utils which are using regular expression library is they are mostly supporting the Basic Regular Expressions (BRE) by default.
# echo "(foo)" | sed 's/\(foo\)/bar/gi'
You might expect the result is
But the actual result is...
Why the brackets are not replaced? It is because in BRE (which is the default, you don't need to escape, if you escape it, then it will be treated as a capturing group - which is quite non-sense if you came from programming background).
To solve the problem, you can just simply remove the \ escape, or you tell those commands to use ERE, e.g.
# echo "(foo)" | sed -r 's/\(foo\)/bar/gi' bar